Seit einigen Wochen gibt es Berichte über Probleme mit der Firmenkultur bei Riot Games, dem Studio hinter League of Legends. Nun hat das. Viele weibliche Angestellte hatten Klage gegen Riot Games eingereicht, da die Arbeitsbedingungen und der Sexismus scharf kritisiert worden. Beim "League of Legends"-Hersteller Riot Games gehörte Sexismus zur Unternehmenskultur. Frauen verdienten in dem US-Unternehmen.
Sexismus-Vergleich: Muss Riot Games statt 10 jetzt 400 Millionen Dollar zahlen?Viele weibliche Angestellte hatten Klage gegen Riot Games eingereicht, da die Arbeitsbedingungen und der Sexismus scharf kritisiert worden. Seit einigen Wochen gibt es Berichte über Probleme mit der Firmenkultur bei Riot Games, dem Studio hinter League of Legends. Nun hat das. auf eine Zahlung von 10 Millionen US-Dollar ist die Sexismus-Klage gegen League-of-Legends-Publisher Riot Games noch nicht vom Tisch.
Riot Sexismus Jugend Umwelt Projektwerkstatt VideoSEXISMUS und Werbung
Juggernauts are a relatively safe bet as they both take and deal large amounts of damage, but their weakness lies in their lack of mobility. Thanks to his passive and his W, Mordekaiser can give and take a beating.
While other roles gain gold and experience from the minions that march tirelessly down their lanes, the jungler dwells in the forests between lanes, gaining power from neutral monsters that confer powerful buffs.
As well as slaughtering the local fauna, jungle champions are responsible for major objectives like Baron and the Dragons.
Then there's ganking—diving into lane to ambush opponents. A successful gank often comes down to good timing, but you can improve your odds by picking a character with good crowd-control and mobility.
Vi excels at both: use her to dash into lane with Vault Breaker before unleashing Assault and Battery. The Blind Monk is a difficult League of Legends champion to master.
The payoff is significant, however, as Lee Sin is one of the most effective early-game junglers. He's adept at clearing camps, ganking, and even counter-jungling his opposite number.
Ekko requires preparation for effective ganking, but he offers impressive damage and potent CC if you can get everything lined up.
His ultimate makes him relatively low-risk, as he's able to dive under a tower before rewinding back to safety. The mid lane has traditionally been dominated by high-damage mages, although a few blade-wielding assassins also call the lane home.
Twisted Fate has a number of tricks up his sleeve with just one ability: Pick a Card. His ultimate, Destiny, teleports him across the map, making it easy for him to roam other lanes.
A study conducted by Anneliese Singh and Vel McKleroy on transgender people of color revealed that difficulty finding a job or losing a job due to transphobia in workplace resulted in some of the transgender people living in crime-ridden neighborhoods, and getting involved in abusive relationships.
Transgender people also face the denial of right of asylum or inhuman treatment in process of asylum-seeking. For example, Fernada Milan, a transgender woman from Guatemala was placed in an asylum center for males in Denmark and while there, was raped by several men.
She was in danger of deportation into Guatemala where transgender people have no rights and face possible execution, but has since been granted entry.
Transgender disenfranchisement is the practice of creating or upholding barriers that keep transgender individuals from voting and therefore restrict the principles of universal suffrage.
Within the school system, many transgender teens are harassed and mistreated with reported negative effects on both victim and the school's population in general.
A study done on Canadian High School students between December and June illustrated how the LGBTQ students feel unsafe at the school, and are exposed to insults and discrimination by their peers and sometimes even by their teachers.
Most of the administrators and educators are unaware about the extent of damage that has been caused to the transgender students on account of underestimating the gravity of transphobia in their schools.
In North America, organizations associated with the Christian right , including the American Family Association , Family Research Council , Focus on the Family , National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality , believe that " transgenderism " is unnatural and that transgender people are and remain their birth sex.
These organizations oppose laws and policies intended to accommodate transgender people, such as allowing them to change their legal sex, use the washroom corresponding to the gender with which they identify, or become ordained Christian ministers.
It is their position that God created people's bodies as they are meant to be, that accepting transgender people would violate scripture and natural law , and that the Bible refers to male and female.
According to the Ontario Consultants for Religious Tolerance website, under Pope John Paul II , the Holy See first stated its opposition to reassignment surgery in , although it was not made public until Transgender people face particular challenges in attempting to integrate their faith with their gender identity.
One author says "expectations [based on gender] are usually predicated upon our genitalia and begin from the moment of birth, continuing throughout our lives.
These include "So God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them" Genesis and "The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are an abomination unto the Lord thy God" Deuteronomy Views of gender identity based on the Christian faith do not always coincide with the ideologies of transgender individuals.
However, if they do not conform to these expectations, they may face rejection. Many transgender Christians seek out an "individualized relationship with God", often facing "a period of denial and struggle" as well as depression, disconnection, dissatisfaction, and spiritual difficulty before "discovering a sense of self that feels integral and true"  However, after discovering their gender identity, many transgender individuals still face barriers within the church such as, "fear and unfamiliarity on the part of the congregation, language issues, physical layout that separates people by gender, programs that exclude or separate by gender, pathologizing or designating trans issues as sinful, and overt hostility"  .
The Islamic faith ordinarily supports heteronormative, binary of gender identification. This support is reinforced by the cultural norms of Muslims and their traditional readings of sacred texts which prohibit a wide range of identities.
In , gender reassignment surgery was declared acceptable under Islamic law by scholars at Egypt's Al-Azhar, the world's oldest Islamic university.
In Iran during , Ayatollah Khomeini, the supreme religious leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran at that time, also declared transgender surgical operations as acceptable see transgender rights in Iran.
The foundation for this accepting attitude is the belief that a person is born transgender but chooses to be homosexual, thus making homosexuality a sin.
Nonetheless, transgender individuals within the Muslim community still face particular challenges. Some positions within feminism have been considered transphobic.
This may include criticism of transitioning or sex reassignment surgery as a personal choice or medical invention, or the position that trans women are not women in a literal sense and should not be in women-only spaces.
Second-wave feminist and activist Gloria Steinem expressed concerns in about transsexuality and sex reassignment surgery SRS , writing that in many cases, transsexuals "surgically mutilate their own bodies.
She added that she sees transgender people as living "authentic lives" that should be "celebrated. Radical feminist Janice Raymond 's book, The Transsexual Empire , was and still is controversial due to its unequivocal condemnation of transsexual surgeries.
Transsexuals merely cut off the most obvious means of invading women, so that they seem non-invasive. Another site of conflict between feminists and trans women has been the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival.
In the early s, the festival ejected a transsexual woman, Nancy Burkholder. The festival had considered allowing only post-operative trans women to attend, however this was criticized as classist , as many trans women cannot afford sex reassignment surgery.
Trans women such as Sandy Stone challenged the feminist conception of "biological woman". Stone worked as a sound engineer for Olivia Records from about to , resigning as the controversy over a trans woman working for a lesbian-identified enterprise increased.
In , with regard to the question of whether trans women are women, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie expressed the view that "trans women are trans women", meaning that while she acknowledges them to face discrimination on the basis of being transgender and sees this as a serious issue, she thinks that their experiences should not be conflated with those of women who face oppression on the basis of being born female.
Otherwise, cisgender feminist support came from the work of poststructuralist feminist and lesbian Judith Butler , particularly her books Gender Trouble and Bodies That Matter , which argue that the "violent inscription" of gender as a social construct on human bodies leads to violence against those that violate such binaristic gender dichotomies.
Feminists who oppose the inclusion of trans women in women's spaces have been labeled " TERFs ", short for "trans-exclusionary radical feminists".
Transphobia is documented in the lesbian , gay and bisexual LGB communities, despite historic cooperation between these communities in campaigns for equality, such as in the Stonewall Riots.
Historian Joanne Meyerowitz documented transphobia within the gay rights movement in the mid 20th century in response to publicity surrounding the transition of Christine Jorgensen.
Jorgensen, who made frequent homophobic remarks and insisted she was not connected to or identified with gay men, was a polarizing figure among activists:.
In , for example, ONE magazine published a debate among its readers as to whether gay men should denounce Jorgensen.
In the opening salvo, the author Jeff Winters accused Jorgensen of a "sweeping disservice" to gay men. Several prominent figures in second wave feminism have also been accused of transphobic attitudes, culminating in with the publication of The Transsexual Empire by radical lesbian feminist Janice Raymond , who popularized the term shemale as derogatory slur referring to trans women in ,  and her statements on transsexuality and transsexual people have been criticized by many in the LGBT and feminist communities as extremely transphobic and as constituting hate speech.
In s America, there was a debate among gay men and women about those who felt they were of the opposite sex. Gay men and women who were trying to melt quietly into the majority society criticized them as "freaks" who brought unwanted disreputable attention upon them.
Such attitudes were widespread at the time. Some trans men face rejection from lesbian communities they had been part of prior to transition.
Journalist Louise Rafkin writes, "there are those who are feeling curiously uncomfortable standing by as friends morph into men.
Sometimes there is a generational flavor to this discomfort; many in the over crowd feel particular unease", stating that this was "shaking the foundation of the lesbian-feminist world".
In the early s, conflicts began to emerge due to different syntheses of lesbian, feminist and transgender political movements, particularly in the United States.
San Francisco trans activist and entertainer Beth Elliott became the focus of debate over whether to include transgender lesbians in the movement, and she was eventually blacklisted by her own movement.
One view is that the word bisexual is transphobic, as "bi" means "two" thus implying a belief in the binary view of gender. Some people, such as scholar Shiri Eisner, say that some make the claim that the term "erases nonbinary genders and sexes out of existence",  as many dictionaries define bisexuality as "of, relating to, or having a sexual orientation to persons of either sex",  "sexually attracted to both men and women"  and other similar definitions.
However, some bisexual individuals and scholars object to the notion that bisexuality means sexual attraction to only two genders, arguing that since bisexual is not simply about attraction to two sexes and encompasses gender as well, it can include attraction to more than one  or more than two genders  and is occasionally defined as such.
To deal with issues related to transphobia and the gender binary, many individuals have taken on terms such as pansexual , omnisexual an alternative word for pansexual or polysexual in place of the term bisexual.
The American Institute of Bisexuality argues that these terms "describe a person with homosexual and heterosexual attractions, and therefore people with these labels are also bisexual"  and that the notion that bisexuality is a reinforcement of a gender binary is a concept that is founded upon "anti-science, anti-Enlightenment philosophy that has ironically found a home within many Queer Studies departments at universities across the Anglophone world".
Whether intentional or not, transphobia and cissexism have severe consequences for the target of the negative attitude. Transphobia creates significant stresses for transgender people which can lead them to feel shame, low self-esteem , alienation and inadequacy.
Transgender youth often try to cope with the stress by running away from home, dropping out of school, using drugs or self-harming. Support from one's community or family was correlated with more positive outcomes related to mental health and social functioning.
Polyvictimization can start in childhood and has consequences for adolescent health and thus adult health.
Posttraumatic stress disorder is considered by the American Psychiatric Association to be an anxiety related disorder that comes from experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event or stressor, such as actual or threatened death, sexual violence, natural disasters, and crime.
Those who experience the most physical and relational bullying victimization and emotional distress, are biologically male youth whom others perceived as very, or mostly feminine.
Moreover, regardless of biological sex, relational bullying victimization, depression, and suicidal ideation is common among adolescents that can be perceived as anything other than very, or mostly masculine.
Repeatedly, research on the effects of aggression and violence against TGD youth and young adults shows — when compared to their cisgender peers — higher rates of PTSD, depression, non-suicidal self-injury , suicidal ideation , intent, plan, and attempts, higher rates of substance use cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana , trauma, skipping school due to safety concerns, and poorer health outcomes.
In adulthood, the effects of aggression and violence against various groups of transgender people has also been documented in domains such as mental and physical health, and safety and discrimination in the military.
Transgender related bias, or discrimination, victimization, and rejection effects transgender adults and the severity of PTSD symptoms they report.
A systematic review completed in examined 77 studies that reported mental health disparities and social stress felt by TGD adults. The analysis found associations between TGD identity and anxiety, depression, PTSD, substance use, and suicidality , as well as added social stress factors such as violence, discrimination, and exclusion.
Links have been found between MSA experienced by transgender veterans and increased depression symptom severity, drug use, and PTSD symptom severity.
Posttraumatic stress disorder has also been associated with suicidality and substance use among adults. Further, transgender specific stigma experienced while in the military and PTSD have been associated with deaths by suicide.
Non-Hispanic White transgender veterans had increased odds of depression, obesity, and hypercholesterolemia when compared to BTV.
Specifically, transgender veterans that have a history of previous incarceration are more likely to have PTSD or to experience homelessness when compared to previously incarcerated veterans who are not transgender.
Nearly one third of U. Family and community support were correlated with significantly lower rates of homelessness and poverty. During the year prior to the U.
Family and community support were correlated with far lower rates of suicide attempts and of major psychological distress. External Sites. User Reviews.
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